Dr. Kun Yang

Photo of Yang



Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Building 3, Courtyard 16, Lin Cui Rd., Chaoyang District
Beijing 100101, P.R. China

Tel: (86) 10-84097094
Fax: (86) 10-84097079
ResearchID, Google Scholar Profile

Education and Appointment

2007 Professor, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research
2003 Assoc. Prof., Dept. Civil Engineering, The University of Tokyo
2002 Researcher, Japan Sci. & Tech. Corporation
2001 Post-doctor, Telecom. Adv. Org. of Japan
2000 Researcher, Japan Sci. & Tech Corporation

2000 Ph.D., Department of Civil Engineering, University of Tokyo, Japan
1997 M.S., Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, China
1994 B.E., Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, China

Dr. Yang has published a number of articles in peer-reviewed international journals. In recent years, he had been invited to give talks at AGU, AMS and AOGS annual assembles as well as other academic meetings. He was granted "Young Scientist Award" at International Symposium of Climate Change, Beijing, 2003,for proposing a new theory to link the raindrop evaporation cooling with the plateau atmospheric boundary layer development and organized convective clouds. His group has contributed to the following achievements:

1. Solar radiation estimation. (1) Dr. Yang developed a general model to estimate surface solar radiation from sunshine duration and other routinely measured parameters. Several independent works concluded this model is one of the best models in calculating surface direct solar radiation. The whole model or some formulas of the model are widely used in either practical applications or other models’ development. The model has been fully introduced in two books published by Springer and Elsevier, with the model code included. The model has been applied to all CMA (China Meteorological Administration) stations for developing a high-accuracy solar radiation dataset. (2) Based on high-elevation radiation data, he also pointed out that there was an altitudinal dependence of biases in NASA/ GEWEX- SRB solar radiation. The bias could reach 20% over Tibetan Plateau. This study substantially contributed to the improvement of GEWEX- SRB product. This diagnostic work to the satellite product was reported in Nature.

2. Land processes, data assimilation, and land-atmosphere interactions. (1) Dr. Yang developed a robust parameterization scheme for turbulent flux transfer over bare soils. This scheme, after implemented in SiB2 and Noah LSM, is proven very crucial and effective in reproducing observed surface temperature and land fluxes over arid and semi-arid regions. He pointed out the high soil organic matters within the topsoils of alpine meadow may control the land-atmosphere interactions. (2) Dr. Yang developed the dual-pass land data assimilation system of University of Tokyo, which significantly improves the estimate of soil moisture and land fluxes through estimating model parameters and soil state simultaneously. This work was first reported by his invited talk at CAS-TWAS-WMO Forum-"International Workshop on the Land Surface Models and Their Applications", 2005, and are recognized as an "original contribution" to the research community. (3) Based on flux, radiosonde and wind profiler observations, Dr. Yang verified that the atmospheric boundary layer before the onset of the Plateau monsoon may reach 3km high above the ground (or 7-8 km above the sea level). He pointed out that raindrops can completely re-evaporated within the dry and deep boundary layer, which may cause cold fronts and thus convective clouds moving from mountains to valleys. This mechanism was then confirmed by satellite observations.

3. Climate research. (1) Dr. Yang developed new methods to quantify Tibetan water and energy cycle. He concluded that sensible heat flux on western Plateau was much over-estimated in most of previous works and suggested that sensible heat reduced during last 30 years while evaporation increased. (2) Based on quality-controlled observed data, Dr. Yang’s group addressed that the "From Dimming to Brightening" transition around the late 1980s ~ the early 1990s, which was found in many countries, did not happen over China; instead, the solar radiation reached a stable level since the 1990s. Meanwhile, an obvious transition from brightening to dimming around 1978 is found over the Tibetan Plateau. They suggested that the increase in deep cloud cover caused the solar dimming.(3) They found that the variability of wind speed in China increases with elevation and wind speed over the Tibetan Plateau changes more, implying the signal of wind speed is from the upper-air but not the surface.

Research Interests

Land surface modeling and data assimilation
Land-atmopshere interactions

Public Services

2005 Japan-side expert of JICA China-Japan Weather Disaster research Center
2006 Member of editorial board of JMSJ CEOP special edition
2007 China-side expert of JICA China-Japan Weather Disaster research Center, GEWEX/CEOP-WEBS ( Chair
2008 PI of AMY(Asia Monsoon Years)plateau land data assimilation
2010 Chair of local organization committee of "The 2nd International Workshop on Energy and Water Cycle over the Tibetan Plateau and High Elevation"
2011 Member of Numerical Weather Forecast Committee of China, Member of Plateau Meteorology Committee of China


ISCC 2003 "Young Scientist Award"

Selected Publications

Invited newsletter and book chapter
  1. Lei, Y. and K. Yang, 2017: The cause of rapid lake expansion in the Tibetan Plateau: climate wetting or warming?, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews (WIREs)-Water, 4.[learn more]
  2. Yang, K., 2017: Observed Regional Climate Change in Tibet over the Last Decades, Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science, 1-41, doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190228620.013.587.[learn more]
  3. Wang, G., H. Fang, G. Ni, K. Yang, C. Cheng, and W. Li, 2016: 大江大河源区河网结构与径流特性研究前沿和重要基础科学问题, Bulletin of National Natural Science Foundation of China , 30(1), 27-33.[learn more]
  4. Chen, Y. and K. Yang, 2013: Land Surface Process Study and Modeling in Drylands and High-Elevation Regions (Chapter 4), in Land Surface Observation, Modeling and Data Assimilation, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., 91-124.[learn more]
  5. Chen, Y. and K. Yang, 2011: Parameterizing thermal roughness length is crucial for dryland energy budget modeling, GEWEX News, 21(1), 5-6.[learn more]
  6. Yang, K., X. Li, and T. Koike, 2010: Report on the CAS-CEOP Lhasa workshop, GEWEX News, 20(3), 5.[learn more]
  7. Yang, K., 2009: Diurnal variations of thermal roughness length and its importance for land surface modeling in dry regions, AsiaFlux Newsletter, 30, 10-14.[learn more]
  8. Yang, K., H. Lu, and T. Koike, 2009: Microwave LDAS improves soil moisture and land flux estimates, GEWEX News, 19(3), 2-3.[learn more]
  9. Yang, K., T. Koike, G. Huang, and N. Tamai, 2007: Development and Validation of an Advanced Model for Estimating Solar Radiation from Surface Meteorological Data, Chapter 1 (pp.1-53), Recent developments in Solar Energy Research, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., New York, (ed. Hough T. P.), pp. 356.[learn more]
  10. Yang, K., M. Rasmy, S. Rauniyar, and T. Koike, 2006: Inter-comparisons of prediction skill of operational GCMs and a land data assimilation system, CEOP Newsletter, 10, 3-5.[learn more]
Journal papers
  1. Chen, Y., K. Yang, J. Qin, Q. Cui, H. Lu, Lazhu, M. Han, and W. Tang, 2017: Evaluation of SMAP, SMOS, and AMSR2 soil moisture retrievals against observations from two networks on the Tibetan Plateau, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122(11), 5780-5792, doi:10.1002/2016JD026388.[learn more]
  2. Ding, B., K. Yang, W. Yang, X. He, Y. Chen, Lazhu, X. Guo, L. Wang, H. Wu, and T. Yao, 2017: Development of a Water and Enthalpy Budget-based Glacier mass balance Model (WEB-GM) and its preliminary validation, Water Resour. Res., 53, 3146–3178, doi:10.1002/2016WR018865.[learn more]
  3. Fang, N., K. Yang, Lazhu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, and L. Zhu, 2017: WRF湖泊模型对青藏高原纳木错湖的适用性研究, Plateau Meteorology, 36(3), 610-618, doi:10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2016.00038.[learn more]
  4. Lei, Y., T. Yao, K. Yang, Y. Sheng, M. Kleinherenbrink, S. Yi, B. Bird, X. Zhang, Lazhu, and G. Zhang, 2017: Lake seasonality across the Tibetan Plateau and their varying relationship with regional mass changes and local hydrology, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44(2), 892-900, doi:10.1002/2016GL072062.[learn more]
  5. Li, C., H. Lu, K. Yang, J. Wright, L. Yu, Y. Chen, X. Huang, and S. Xu, 2017: Evaluation of the Common Land Model (CoLM) from the Perspective of Water and Energy Budget Simulation: Towards Inclusion in CMIP6, Atmosphere, 8(141), 1-31, doi:10.3390/atmos8080141.[learn more]
  6. Ouyang, L., K. Yang, J. Qin, Y. Wang, and H. Lu, 2017: 喜马拉雅山区降水研究进展与展望, Plateau Meteorology, 36(5), NULL, doi:10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2016.00111.[learn more]
  7. Tang, W., K. Yang, J. Qin, X. Niu, C. Lin, and X. Jing, 2017: A revisit to decadal change of aerosol optical depth and its impact on global radiation over China, Atmos. Env., 150, 106-115, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.11.043.[learn more]
  8. Tang, W., J. Qin, K. Yang, X. Niu, M. Min, and S. Liang, 2017: An efficient algorithm for calculating photosynthetically active radiation with MODIS products, Remote Sens. Environ, 194, 146-154, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2017.03.028.[learn more]
  9. Tang, W., K. Yang, Z. Sun, J. Qin, and X. Niu, 2017: Global Performance of a Fast Parameterization Scheme for Estimating Surface Solar Radiation From MODIS Data, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens, 55(6), 3558-3571, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2017.2676164.[learn more]
  10. Wang, Y., K. Yang, Z. Pan, J. Qin, D. Chen, C. Lin, Y. Chen, Lazhu, W. Tang, M. Han, N. Lu, and H. Wu, 2017: Evaluation of Precipitable Water Vapor from Four Satellite Products and Four Reanalysis Datasets against GPS Measurements on the Southern Tibetan Plateau, J. Climate, 30(15), 5699-5713, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0630.1.[learn more]
  11. Wang, L., J. Zhou, J. Qi, L. Sun, K. Yang, Li. Tian, Y. Lin, W. Liu, M. Shrestha, Y. Xue, T. Koike, Y. Ma, X. Li, Y. Chen, D. Chen, S. Piao, and H. Lu, 2017: Development of a land surface model with coupled snow and frozen soil physics, Water Resour. Res., 53(6), 5085–5103, doi:10.1002/2017WR020451.[learn more]
  12. Zhang,G., T. Yao, C. Shum, S. Yi, K. Yang, H. Xie, W. Feng, T. Bolch, L. Wang, A. Behrangi, H. Zhang, W. Wang, Y. Xiang, and J. Yu, 2017: Lake volume and groundwater storage variations in Tibetan Plateaus endorheic basin, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44(11), 5550-5560, doi:10.1002/2017GL073773.[learn more]
  13. Zhang, G., T. Yao, S. Piao, T. Bolch, H. Xie, D. Chen, Y. Gao, C.M. O'Reilly, C.K. Shum, K. Yang, S. Yi, Y. Lei, W. Wang, Y. He, K. Shang, and X. Yang;, 2017: Extensive and drastically different alpine lake changes on Asia's high plateaus during the past four decades, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44(1), 252-260, doi:10.1002/2016GL072033.[learn more]
  14. Zheng, D., R. Velde, Z. Su, J. Wen, X. Wang, and K. Yang, 2017: Evaluation of Noah Frozen Soil Parameterization for Application to a Tibetan Meadow Ecosystem, J. Hydrometeorol., 18(6), 1749-1763, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-16-0199.1.[learn more]
  15. Zhou, X., K. Yang, and Y. Wang, 2017: Implementation of a Turbulent Orographic Form Drag Scheme in WRF and Its Application to the Tibetan Plateau, Climate Dynamics, 48, 106-115, doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3677-y.[learn more]
  16. Bao, H., T. Koike, K. Yang, L. Wang, M. Shrestha, and P. Lawford, 2016: Development of an enthalpy-based frozen soil model and its validation in a cold region in China, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121(10), 5259-5280, doi:10.1002/2015JD024451.[learn more]
  17. Jiang, X., Y. Li, S. Yang, K. Yang, and J. Chen, 2016: Interannual variation of summer atmospheric heat source over the Tibetan Plateau and the role of convection around the western Maritime Continent, J. Climate, 29(1), 121-138, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0181.1.[learn more]
  18. Lazhu, K. Yang, J. Wang, Y. Lei, Y. Chen, L. Zhu, B. Ding, and J. Qin, 2016: Quantifying evaporation and its decadal change for Lake Nam Co, central Tibetan Plateau, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121(16), 7578-7591, doi:10.1002/2015JD024523.[learn more]
  19. Li, X., K. Yang, and Y. Zhou, 2016: Progress in the study of oasis-desert interactions, Agric. For. Meteorol., 230-231, 1-7, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.08.022.[learn more]
  20. Sichangi, A.W., L. Wang, K. Yang, D. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhou, W. Liu, and D. Kuria, 2016: Estimating continental river basin discharges using multiple remote sensing data sets, Remote Sens. Environ., 179, 36-53, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2016.03.019.[learn more]
  21. Tang, W., J. Qin, K. Yang, S. Liu, N. Lu, and X. Niu, 2016: Retrieving high-resolution surface solar radiation with cloud parameters derived by combining MODIS and MTSAT data, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 2543-2557, doi:10.5194/acp-16-2543-2016.[learn more]
  22. Wang, L., X. Li, Y. Chen, K. Yang, D. Chen, J. Zhou, W. Liu, J. Qi, and J. Huang, 2016: Validation of the global land data assimilation system based on measurements of soil temperature profiles, Agric. For. Meteorol., 218-219, 288-297, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.01.003.[learn more]
  23. Wang, X., S. Yi, Q. Wu, K. Yang, and Y. Ding, 2016: The role of permafrost and soil water in distribution of alpine grassland and its NDVI dynamics on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Global Planet. Change, 147, 40-53, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.10.014.[learn more]
  24. Wang, L., L. Sun, M. Shrestha, X. Li, W. Liu, J. Zhou, K. Yang, H. Lu, and D. Chen, 2016: Improving Snow Process Modeling with Satellite-Based Estimation of Near-Surface-Air-Temperature Lapse Rate, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121(20), 12,005-12,030, doi:10.1002/2016JD025506.[learn more]
  25. Wang, L., L. Sun, M. Shrestha, X. Li, W. Liu, J. Zhou, K. Yang, H. Lu, and D. Chen, 2016: Improving Snow Process Modeling with Satellite-Based Estimation of Near-Surface-Air-Temperature Lapse Rate, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121(20), 12,005-12,030, doi:10.1002/2016JD025506.[learn more]
  26. Yang, K., Lazhu, Y. Chen, L. Zhao, J. Qin, H. Lu, W. Tang, M. Han, B. Ding, and N. Fang, 2016: Land surface model calibration through microwave data assimilation for improving soil moisture simulations, J. Hydrol., 533, 266–276, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.12.018.[learn more]
  27. Guo, X., H. Liu, and K. Yang, 2015: On the Application of the Priestley–Taylor Relation on Sub-daily Time Scales, Bound.-Layer Meteor., 156(3), 489-499, doi:10.1007/s10546-015-0031-y.[learn more]
  28. Han, M., K. Yang, J. Qin, R. Jin, Y. Ma, J. Wen, Y. Chen, L. Zhao, Lazhu, and W. Tang, 2015: An algorithm based on the standard deviation of passive microwave brightness temperatures for monitoring soil surface freeze/thaw state on the Tibetan Plateau, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 53(5), 2775-2783, doi:10.11-09/TGRS.2014.2364823.[learn more]
  29. Lin, C., K. Yang, J. Huang, W. Tang, J. Qin, X. Niu, Y. Chen, D. Chen, N. Lu, and R. Fu, 2015: Impacts of wind stilling on solar radiation variability in China, Sci. Rep., 5, 15135, doi:10.1038/srep15135.[learn more]
  30. Lu, N., J. Qin, Y. Gao, K. Yang, K.E. Trenberth, M. Gehne, and Y. Zhu, 2015: Trends and variability in atmospheric precipitable water over the Tibetan Plateau for 2000–2010, Int. J. Climatol., 35(7), 1394-1404, doi:10.1002/joc.4064.[learn more]
  31. Lu, H., K. Yang, T. Koike, L. Zhao, and J. Qin, 2015: An Improvement of the Radiative Transfer Model Component of a Land Data Assimilation System and Its Validation on Different Land Characteristics, Remote Sens., 7(5), 6358-6379, doi:10.3390/rs70506358.[learn more]
  32. Lu, N., K.E. Trenberth, J. Qin, K. Yang, and L. Yao, 2015: Detecting Long-Term Trends in Precipitable Water over the Tibetan Plateau by Synthesis of Station and MODIS Observations, J. Climate, 28(4), 1707-1722, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00303.1.[learn more]
  33. Qin, J., W. Tang, K. Yang, N. Lu, X. Niu, and S. Liang, 2015: An efficient physically based parameterization to derive surface solar irradiance based on satellite atmospheric products, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, 4975-4988, doi:10.1002/2015JD023097.[learn more]
  34. Qin, J., L. Zhao, Y. Chen, K. Yang, Y. Yang, Z. Chen, and H. Lu, 2015: Inter-comparison of spatial upscaling methods for evaluation of satellite-based soil moisture, J. Hydrol., 523, 170-178, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.01.061.[learn more]
  35. Shen, M., S. Piao, S. Jeong, L. Zhou, Z. Zeng, P. Ciais, D. Chen, M. Huang, C. Jin, L. Li, Y. Li, R. Myneni, K. Yang, G. Zhang, and , 2015: Evaporative cooling over the Tibetan Plateau induced by vegetation growth, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 112(30), 9299-9304, doi:10.1073/pnas.1504418112.[learn more]
  36. Wu, H., K. Yang, X. Niu, and Y. Chen, 2015: The role of cloud height and warming in the decadal weakening of atmospheric heat source over the Tibetan Plateau, Sci. China Ser. D., 58(3), 395–403, doi:10.1007/s11430-014-4973-6.[learn more]
  37. Ding, B., K. Yang, J. Qin, L. Wang, Y. Chen, and X. He, 2014: The dependence of precipitation types on surface elevation and meteorological conditions and its parameterization, J. Hydrol., 513, 154-163, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.03.038.[learn more]
  38. Lei, Y., K. Yang, B. Wang, Y. Sheng, B.W. Bird, G. Zhang, and L. Tian, 2014: Response of inland lake dynamics over the Tibetan Plateau to climate change, Clim. Change, 125(2), 281-290, doi:10.1007/s10584-014-1175-3.[learn more]
  39. Ma, Y., Z. Hu, L. Tian, F. Zhang, A. Duan, K. Yang, Y. Zhang, and Y. Yang, 2014: 青藏高原气候系统变化及其对东亚区域的影响与机制研究进展, Advances in Earth Science, 29(2), 207-215, doi:10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.02.0207.[learn more]
  40. Pan, X., X. Li, K. Yang, J. He, Y. Zhang, and X. Han, 2014: Comparison of downscaled precipitation data over a mountainous watershed-A case study in the Heihe River Basin, J. Hydrometeorol., doi:10.1175/JHM-D-13-0202.1.[learn more]
  41. Wang, L., X. Li, J. Zhou, W. Liu, and K. Yang, 2014: 青藏高原水文模拟的现状及未来, Advances in Earth Science, 29(6), 674-682, doi:10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.06.0674.[learn more]
  42. Xu, C., Y.M. Ma, A. Panday, Z.Y. Cong, K. Yang, Z.K. Zhu, J.M. Wang, P.M. Amatya, and L. Zhao, 2014: Similarities and differences of aerosol optical properties between southern and northern sides of the Himalayas, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 3133–3149, doi:10.5194/acp-14-3133-2014.[learn more]
  43. Yang, K., H. Wu, J. Qin, C. Lin, W. Tang, and Y. Chen, 2014: Recent climate changes over the Tibetan Plateau and their impacts on energy and water cycle: A review, Global Planet. Change, 112, 79-91, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2013.12.001.[learn more]
  44. Yang, K., H. Wu, Y. Chen, J. Qin, and L. Wang, 2014: Toward a satellite-based observation of atmospheric heat source over land, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119(6), 3124-3133, doi:10.1002/2013JD021091.[learn more]
  45. Zhao, L., K. Yang, J. Qin, Y. Chen, W. Tang, H. Lu, and Z. Yang, 2014: The scale-dependence of SMOS soil moisture accuracy and its improvement through land data assimilation in the central Tibetan Plateau, Remote Sens. Environ., 152, 345-355, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2014.07.005.[learn more]
  46. Chen, X., Z. Su, Y. Ma, K. Yang, and B. Wang, 2013: Estimation of surface energy fluxes under complex terrain of Mt. Qomolangma over the Tibetan Plateau, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 1607-1618, doi:10.5194/hess-17-1607-2013.[learn more]
  47. Chen, X., Z. Su, Y. Ma, K. Yang, J. Wen, and Y. Zhang, 2013: An Improvement of Roughness Height Parameterization of the Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) over the Tibetan Plateau, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 52(3), 607-622, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-12-056.1.[learn more]
  48. Chen, Y., K. Yang, J. Qin, L. Zhao, W. Tang, and M. Han, 2013: Evaluation of AMSR-E retrievals and GLDAS simulations against observations of a soil moisture network on the central Tibetan Plateau, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118(10), 4466-4475, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50301.[learn more]
  49. Kattel, D., T. Yao, K. Yang, L. Tian, Y. Gao, and D. Joswiak, 2013: Temperature Lapse Rate along Complex Mountain Terrain on the Southern Slope of the Central Himalayas, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 113(3-4), 671-682, doi:10.1007/s00704-012-0816-6.[learn more]
  50. Lei, Y., T. Yao, B. Bird, K. Yang, J. Zhai, and Y. Sheng, 2013: Coherent lake growth on the central Tibetan Plateau since the 1970s: Characterization and attribution, J. Hydrol., 483, 61-67, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.01.003.[learn more]
  51. Lin, C., K. Yang, J. Qin, and R. Fu, 2013: Observed coherent trends of surface and upper-air wind speed over China since 1960, J. Clim., 26(9), 2891-2903, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00093.1.[learn more]
  52. Li, X., L. Wang, D. Chen, K. Yang, B. Xue, and L. Sun, 2013: Near-surface air temperature lapse rates in the mainland China during 1962–2011, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118(14), 7505–7515, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50553.[learn more]
  53. Qin, J., K. Yang, N. Lu, Y. Chen, L. Zhao, and M. Han, 2013: Spatial upscaling of in-situ soil moisture measurements based on MODIS-derived apparent thermal inertia, Remote Sens. Environ., 138, 1-9, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2013.07.003.[learn more]
  54. Tang, W., J. Qin, K. Yang, X. Niu, X. Zhang, Y. Yu, and X. Zhu, 2013: Reconstruction of Daily Photosynthetically Active Radiation and its Trends over China, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118(23), 13,292-13,302, doi:10.1002/2013JD020527.[learn more]
  55. Tang, W., K. Yang, J. Qin, and M. Min, 2013: Development of a 50-year daily surface solar radiation dataset over China, Sci. China Ser. D, 56(9), 1555-1565, doi:10.1007/s11430-012-4542-9.[learn more]
  56. Wu, G., A. Duan, X. Zhang, Y. Liu, Y. Ma, and K. Yang, 2013: 青藏高原极端天气气候变化及其环境效应, Chinese Journal of Naure, 35(3), 167-171, doi:10.3969/j.issn.0253-9608.2013.03.002.[learn more]
  57. Xue, B., L. Wang, K. Yang, L. Tian, J. Qin, Y. Chen, L. Zhao, Y. Ma, T. Koike, Z. Hu, and X. Li, 2013: Modeling the land surface water and energy cycles of a mesoscale watershed in the central Tibetan Plateau during summer with a distributed hydrological model, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118(16), 8857-8868, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50696.[learn more]
  58. Xue, B., L. Wang, X. Li, K. Yang, D. Chen, and L. Sun, 2013: Evaluation of evapotranspiration estimates for two river basins on the Tibetan Plateau by a water balance method, J. Hydrol., 492, 290-297, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.04.005.[learn more]
  59. Yang, K., J. Qin, L. Zhao, Y. Chen, W. Tang, M. Han, Lazhu, Z. Chen, N. Lu, B. Ding, H. Wu, and C. Lin, 2013: A Multi-Scale Soil Moisture and Freeze-Thaw Monitoring Network on the Third Pole, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 94(12), 1907–1916, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00203.1.[learn more]
  60. Zhao, L., K. Yang, J. Qin, and Y. Chen, 2013: Optimal Exploitation of AMSR-E Signals for Improving Soil Moisture Estimation Through Land Data Assimilation, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 51(1), 399-410, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2012.2198483.[learn more]
  61. Zhao, L., K. Yang, J. Qin, Y. Chen, W. Tang, C. Montzka, H. Wu, C. Lin, M. Han, and H. Vereecken., 2013: Spatiotemporal analysis of soil moisture observations within a Tibetan mesoscale area and its implication to regional soil moisture measurements, J. Hydrol., 482, 92-104, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.12.033.[learn more]
  62. Chen, Y., K. Yang, W. Tang, J. Qin, and L. Zhao, 2012: Parameterizing soil organic carbon's impacts on soil porosity and thermal parameters for Eastern Tibet grasslands, Sci. China Ser. D, 55(6), 1001-1011, doi:10.1007/s11430-012-4433-0.[learn more]
  63. Ding, Y., S. Liu, F. Liu, D. Yang, T. Zhang, L. Zhao, Y. Shen, K. Yang, and S. Zhang, 2012: 中国寒区水文学研究的新阶段——记我国杰出寒区水文学家叶柏生研究员的创新与贡献, J. Glaciology and Geocryology, 34(5), 1009-1020.[learn more]
  64. He, Y., K. Yang, T. Yao, and J. He, 2012: 基于 WRF 模式对青藏高原一次强降水的模拟, Plateau Meteorology, 31(5), 1183-1191.[learn more]
  65. Lu, H., T. Koike, K. Yang, Z. Hu, X. Xu, M. Rasmy, D. Kuria, and K. Tamagawa, 2012: Improving land surface soil moisture and energy flux simulations over the Tibetan plateau by the assimilation of the microwave remote sensing data and the GCM output into a land surface model, Int. J. Appl. Earth Obs. Geoinf., 17, 43-54, doi:10.1016/j.jag.2011.09.006.[learn more]
  66. Qin, J., K. Yang, S. Liang, and W. Tang, 2012: Estimation of daily photosynthetically active radiation under all-sky conditions from sunshine duration data, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 51(1), 150-160, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-10-05018.1.[learn more]
  67. Qin, J., K. Yang, T. Koike, H. Lu, Y. Ma, and X. Xu, 2012: Evaluation of AIRS Precipitable Water Vapor against Ground-based GPS Measurements over the Tibetan Plateau and Its Surroundings, J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 90C, 87-98, doi:10.2151/jmsj.2012-C06.[learn more]
  68. Rasmy, M., T. Koike, D. Kuria, C. Mirza, and K. Yang, 2012: Development of the Coupled Atmosphere and Land Data Assimilation System (CALDAS) and its application over the Tibetan Plateau, IEEE T. Geosci. Remote Sens., 50(11), 4227-4242, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2012.2190517.[learn more]
  69. Song, Y., J. Wang, K. Yang, M. Ma, X. Li, Z. Zhang, and X. Wang, 2012: A revised surface resistance parameterisation for estimating latent heat flux from remotely sensed data, Int. J. Appl. Earth Obs. Geoinf., 17, 76-84, doi:10.1016/j.jag.2011.10.011.[learn more]
  70. Yang, K., B. Ding, J. Qin, W. Tang, N. Lu, and C. Lin, 2012: Can aerosol loading explain the solar dimming over the Tibetan Plateau?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L20710, doi:10.1029/2012GL053733.[learn more]
  71. Zhang, R., T. Koike, X. Xu, Y. Ma, and K. Yang, 2012: A China-Japan Cooperative JICA Atmospheric Observing Network over the Tibetan Plateau (JICA/Tibet Project) : An Overviews, J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 90C, 1-16, doi:10.2151/jmsj.2012-C01.[learn more]
  72. Chen, Y., K. Yang, J. He, J. Qin, J. Shi, J. Du, and Q. He, 2011: Improving land surface temperature modeling for dry land of China, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 116, D20104, doi:10.1029/2011JD015921.[learn more]
  73. Cheng, C.K.C., K.M. Lam, Y.T.A. Leung, K. Yang, H.W. Li Danny, and C.P. Cheung Sherman, 2011: Wind-induced natural ventilation of re-entrant bays in a high-rise building, J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerod., 99(2-3), 79–90, doi:10.1016/j.jweia.2010.11.002.[learn more]
  74. Chen, X., Y. Ma, H. Kelder, Z. Su, and K. Yang, 2011: On the behaviour of the tropopause folding events over the Tibetan Plateau, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 5113-5122, doi:10.5194/acp-11-5113-2011.[learn more]
  75. Guo, X., K. Yang, L. Zhao, W. Yang, S. Li, M. Zhu, T. Yao, and Y. Chen, 2011: Critical Evaluations of Scalar Roughness Length Parameterizations over a Melting Valley Glacier, Bound.-Layer Meteor., 139(2), 307-332, doi:10.1007/s10546-010-9586-9.[learn more]
  76. Guo, X., K. Yang, and Y. Chen, 2011: Weakening sensible heat source over the Tibetan Plateau revisited: effects of the land-atmosphere thermal coupling, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 104(1-2), 1-12, doi:10.1007/s00704-010-0328-1.[learn more]
  77. Lu, N., J. Qin, K. Yang, and J. Sun, 2011: A simple and efficient algorithm to estimate daily global solar radiation from geostationary satellite data, Energy, 36(5), 3179-3188, doi:10.1016/[learn more]
  78. Lu, N., J. Qin, K. Yang, Y. Gao, X. Xu, and T. Koike, 2011: On the use of GPS measurements for MODIS precipitable water vapor evaluation over southern Tibet, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 116, D23117, doi:10.1029/2011JD016160.[learn more]
  79. Qin, J., Z. Chen, K. Yang, S. Liang, and W. Tang, 2011: Estimation of monthly mean daily global solar radiation based on MODIS and TRMM products over the Tibetan Plateau and its surroundings, Appl. Energy, 88(7), 2480-2489, doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.01.018.[learn more]
  80. Qin, J., K. Yang, S. Liang, H. Zhang, Y. Ma, X. Guo, and Z. Chen, 2011: Evaluation of surface albedo in GEWEX-SRB and ISCCP-FD data against validated MODIS product over the Tibetan Plateau, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 116, D24116, doi:10.1029/2011JD015823.[learn more]
  81. Su, Z., J. Wen, L. Dente, R. Velde, L. Wang, Y. Ma, K. Yang, and Z. Hu, 2011: The Tibetan Plateau observatory of plateau scale soil moisture and soil temperature (Tibet-Obs) for quantifying uncertainties in coarse resolution satellite and model products, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 15(7), 2303-2316, doi:10.5194/hess-15-2303-2011.[learn more]
  82. Tang, W., K. Yang, J. Qin, C. Cheng, and J. He, 2011: Solar radiation trend across China in recent decades: a revisit with quality-controlled data, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 393-406, doi:10.5194/acp-11-393-2011.[learn more]
  83. Wang, F., L. Wang, T. Koike, H. Zhou, K. Yang, A. Wang, and W. Li, 2011: Evaluation and application of a fine-resolution global dataset in a semiarid mesoscale river basin with a distributed biosphere hydrological model, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 116, D21108, doi:10.1029/2011JD015990.[learn more]
  84. Yang, K., B. Ye, D. Zhou, B. Wu, T. Foken, J. Qin, and Z. Zhou, 2011: Response of hydrological cycle to recent climate changes in the Tibetan Plateau, Clim. Change, 109(3-4), 517-534, doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0099-4.[learn more]
  85. Yang, K., X. Guo, J. He, J. Qin, and T. Koike, 2011: On the Climatology and Trend of the Atmospheric Heat Source over the Tibetan Plateau: An Experiments-Supported Revisit, J. Clim., 24(5), 1525-1541, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3848.1.[learn more]
  86. Yang, K., X. Guo, and B. Wu, 2011: Recent trends in surface sensible heat flux on the Tibetan Plateau, Sci. China Ser. D., 54(1), 19-28, doi:10.1007/s11430-010-4036-6.[learn more]
  87. Yang, W., X. Guo, T. Yao, K. Yang, L. Zhao, S. Li, and M. Zhu, 2011: Summertime surface energy budget and ablation modeling in the ablation zone of a maritime Tibetan glacier, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 116, D14116, doi:10.1029/2010JD015183.[learn more]
  88. Chen, Y., K. Yang, D. Zhou, J. Qin, and X. Guo, 2010: Improving the Noah Land Surface Model in Arid Regions with an Appropriate Parameterization of the Thermal Roughness Length, J. Hydrometeorol., 54(6), 989-1006, doi:10.1175/2010JHM1185.1.[learn more]
  89. Saavedra, O., T. Koike, K. Yang, and D. Yang, 2010: Optimal Dam Operation during Flood Season Using a Distributed Hydrological Model and a Heuristic Algorithm, J. Hydrol. Eng., 15(7), 580-586, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0000212.[learn more]
  90. Saavedra, O., T. Koike, K. Yang, T. Graf, X. Li, L. Wang, and X. Han, 2010: Decision support for dam release during floods using a distributed biosphere hydrological model driven by quantitative precipitation forecasts, Water Resour. Res., 46, W10544, doi:10.1029/2010WR009502.[learn more]
  91. Tang, W., K. Yang, J. He, and J. Qin, 2010: Quality control and estimation of global solar radiation in China, Sol. Energy, 84(3), 466-475, doi:10.1016/j.solener.2010.01.006.[learn more]
  92. Wang, L., T. Koike, K. Yang, R. Jin, and H. Li, 2010: Frozen soil parameterization in a distributed biosphere hydrological model, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 557-571, doi:10.5194/hess-14-557-2010.[learn more]
  93. Yang, K., J. He, W. Tang, J. Qin, and C. Cheng, 2010: On downward shortwave and longwave radiations over high altitude regions: Observation and modeling in the Tibetan Plateau, Agric. For. Meteorol., 150(1), 38-46, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2009.08.004.[learn more]
  94. Lu, L., S. Liu, Z. Xu, K. Yang, X. Cai, L. Jia, and J. Wang, 2009: The Characteristics and Parameterization of Aerodynamic Roughness Length over Heterogeneous Surfaces, Adv. Atmos. Sci., 26(1), 180-190, doi:10.1007/s00376-009-0180-3.[learn more]
  95. Ma, Y., Y. Wang, R. Wu, Z. Hu, K. Yang, M. Li, W. Ma, L. Zhong, F. Sun, X. Chen, Z. Zhu, S. Wang, and H. Ishikawa, 2009: Recent advances on the study of atmosphere-land interaction observations on the Tibetan Plateau, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 1103-1111, doi:10.5194/hess-13-1103-2009.[learn more]
  96. Qin, J., K. Yang, S. Liang, and X. Guo, 2009: The altitudinal dependence of recent rapid warming over the Tibetan Plateau, Clim. Change, 97(1-2), 321-327, doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9733-9.[learn more]
  97. Qin, J., S. Liang, K. Yang, I. Kaihotsu, R. Liu, and T. Koike, 2009: Simultaneous estimation of both soil moisture and model parameters using particle filtering method through the assimilation of microwave signal, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 114, D15103, doi:10.1029/2008JD011358.[learn more]
  98. Tian, X., Z. Xie, A. Dai, C. Shi, B. Jia, F. Chen, and K. Yang, 2009: A dual-pass variational data assimilation framework for estimating soil moisture profiles from AMSR-E microwave brightness temperature, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 114, D16102, doi:10.1029/2008JD011600.[learn more]
  99. Wang, L., T. Koike, D. Yang, and K. Yang, 2009: Improving the hydrology of the Simple Biosphere Model 2 and its evaluation within the framework of a distributed hydrological model, Hydrol. Sci. J., 54(6), 989-1006, doi:10.1623/hysj.54.6.989.[learn more]
  100. Wang, L., T. Koike, K. Yang, T. Jackson, R. Bindlish, and D. Yang, 2009: Development of a distributed biosphere hydrological model and its evaluation with the Southern Great Plains Experiments (SGP97 and SGP99), J. Geophys. Res. atmos., 114, D08107, doi:10.1029/2008JD010800.[learn more]
  101. Wang, L., T. Koike, K. Yang, and P. Yeh, 2009: Assessment of a distributed biosphere hydrological model against streamflow and MODIS land surface temperature in the upper Tone River Basin, J. Hydrol., 377(1-2), 21-34, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.08.005.[learn more]
  102. Yang, K., Y. Chen, and J. Qin, 2009: Some practical notes on the land surface modeling in the Tibetan Plateau, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 687-701, doi:10.5194/hess-13-687-2009.[learn more]
  103. Yang, K., J. Qin, X. Guo, D. Zhou, and Y. Ma, 2009: Method Development for Estimating Sensible Heat Flux over the Tibetan Plateau from CMA Data, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 48(12), 2474-2486, doi:10.1175/2009JAMC2167.1.[learn more]
  104. Yang, K., T. Koike, I. Kaihotsu, and J. Qin, 2009: Validation of a Dual-Pass Microwave Land Data Assimilation System for Estimating Surface Soil Moisture in Semiarid Regions, J. Hydrometeorol., 10(3), 780-793, doi:10.1175/2008JHM1065.1.[learn more]
  105. Boussetta, S., T. Koike, K. Yang, T. Graf, and M. Pathmathevan, 2008: Development of a coupled land-atmosphere satellite data assimilation system for improved local atmospheric simulations, Remote Sens. Environ., 112(3), 720-734, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2007.06.002.[learn more]
  106. Mirza, C., T. Koike, K. Yang, and T. Graf, 2008: Retrieval of Atmospheric Integrated Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water Content Over the Ocean From Satellite Data Using the 1-D-Var Ice Cloud Microphysics Data Assimilation System (IMDAS), IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 46(1), 119-129, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2007.907740.[learn more]
  107. Tsuang, B., M. Chou, Y. Zhang, A. Roesch, and K. Yang, 2008: Evaluations of Land-Ocean Skin Temperatures of the ISCCP Satellite Retrievals and the NCEP and ERA Reanalyses, J. Clim., 21(2), 308-330, doi:10.1175/2007JCLI1502.1.[learn more]
  108. Yang, K. and T. Koike, 2008: Satellite Monitoring of the Surface Water and Energy Budget in the Central Tibetan Plateau, Adv. Atmos. Sci., 25(6), 974-985, doi:10.1007/s00376-008-0974-8.[learn more]
  109. Yang, K., R. Pinker, Y. Ma, T. Koike, M. Wonsick, S. Cox, Y. Zhang, and P. Stackhouse, 2008: Evaluation of satellite estimates of downward shortwave radiation over the Tibetan Plateau, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 113, D17204, doi:10.1029/2007JD009736.[learn more]
  110. Yang, K., T. Koike, H. Ishikawa, J. Kim, X. Li, H. Liu, S. Liu, Y. Ma, and J. Wang, 2008: Turbulent Flux Transfer over Bare-Soil Surfaces: Characteristics and Parameterization, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 40(1), 276-290, doi:10.1175/2007JAMC1547.1.[learn more]
  111. Yang, K. and J. Wang, 2008: A temperature prediction-correction method for estimating surface soil heat flux from soil temperature and moisture data, Sci. China Ser. D, 51(5), 721-729, doi:10.1007/s11430-008-0036-1.[learn more]
  112. Ma, Y., M. Song, H. Ishikawa, K. Yang, T. Koike, L. Jia, M. Menenti, and Z. Su, 2007: Estimation of the regional evaporative fraction over the Tibetan Plateau area by using Landsat-7 ETM data and the field observations, J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 85A, 295-309, doi:10.2151/jmsj.85A.295.[learn more]
  113. Yang, K., T. Watanabe, T. Koike, X. Li, H. Fujii, K. Tamagawa, Y. Ma, and H. Ishikawa, 2007: Auto-calibration system developed to assimilate AMSR-E data into a land surface model for estimating soil moisture and the surface energy budget, J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 85A, 229-242, doi:10.2151/jmsj.85A.229.[learn more]
  114. Yang, K., M. Rasmy, S. Rauniyar, T. Koike, K. Taniguchi, K. Tamagawa, P. Koudelova, M. Kitsuregawa, T. Nemoto, M. Yasukawa, E. Ikoma, M. Bosilovich, and S. Williams, 2007: Initial CEOP-based Review of the Prediction Skill of Operational General Circulation Models and Land Surface Models, J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 85A, 99-116, doi:10.2151/jmsj.85A.99.[learn more]
  115. Yang, K., T. Koike, and B. Ye, 2006: Improving estimation of hourly, daily, and monthly solar radiation by importing global data sets, Agric. For. Meteorol., 137(1-2), 43-55, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.02.001.[learn more]
  116. Yang, K., T. Koike, P. Stackhouse, C. Mikovitz, and S. Cox., 2006: An assessment of satellite surface radiation products for highlands with Tibet instrumental data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L22403, doi:10.1029/2006GL027640.[learn more]
  117. Yang, K. and T. Koike, 2005: Comments on "Estimating Soil Water Contents from Soil Temperature Measurements by Using an Adaptive Kalman Filter", J. Appl. Meteorol., 44(4), 546-550, doi:10.1175/JAM2215.1.[learn more]
  118. Yang, K., T. Koike, B. Ye, and L. Bastidas, 2005: Inverse analysis of the role of soil vertical heterogeneity in controlling surface soil state and energy partition, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 110, D08101, doi:10.1029/2004JD005500.[learn more]
  119. Yang, K. and T. Koike, 2005: A general model to estimate hourly and daily solar radiation for hydrological studies, Water Resour. Res., 41, W10403, doi:10.1029/2005WR003976.[learn more]
  120. Yang, K., T. Koike, H. Fujii, T. Tamura, X. Xu, L. Bian, and M. Zhou, 2004: The Daytime Evolution of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer and Convection over the Tibetan Plateau: Observations and Simulations, J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 82(6), 1777-1792, doi:10.2151/jmsj.82.1777.[learn more]
  121. Yang, K., T. Koike, H. Ishikawa, and Y. Mao, 2004: Analysis of the surface energy budget at a site of GAME/Tibet using a single-source model, J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 82(1), 131-153, doi:10.2151/jmsj.82.131.[learn more]
  122. Yang, K., T. Koike, and D. Yang, 2003: Surface flux parameterization in the Tibetan Plateau, Bound.-Layer Meteor., 106(2), 245-262, doi:10.1023/A:1021152407334.[learn more]
  123. Yang, K., T. Koike, H. Fujii, K. Tamagawa, and N. Hirose, 2002: Improvement of surface flux parameterizations with a turbulence-related length, Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 128(584), 2073-2088, doi:10.1256/003590002320603548.[learn more]
  124. Yang, K. and T. Koike, 2002: Estimating surface solar radiation from upper-air humidity, Sol. Energy, 72(2), 177-186, doi:10.1016/S0038-092X(01)00084-6.[learn more]
  125. Yang, K., N. Tamai, and T. Koike, 2001: Analytical solution of surface layer similarity equation, J. Appl. Meteorol., 40(9), 1647-1653, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(2001)040<1647:ASOSLS>2.0.CO;2.[learn more]
  126. Yang, K., G. Huang, and N. Tamai, 2001: A hybrid model for estimating global solar radiation, Sol. Energy, 70(1), 13-22, doi:10.1016/S0038-092X(00)00121-3.[learn more]
  127. Yang, K., Y. Hong, X. Zhou, and Y. Li, 2000: Study on anisotropic buoyant turbulence model, J. Appl. Math. Mech., 21(1), 43-48, doi:10.1007/BF02458538.[learn more]

Supported Projects

1. 2014-2017, NSFC Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (41325019)
2. 2012-2016, National Natural Science Foundation of China (41190083)
3. 2012-2016, Strategic Priority Research Program (B) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB03030300)
4. 2012-2014, CMA Special Fund for Scientific Research in the Public Interest (GYHY201206008)
5. 2010-2014, MOST global change program subproject-Impact of Tibetan Plateau climate system on East Asia regional climatic changes and its mechanism (2010CB951703)
6. 2009-2013, 973 Program (2009CB723901)
7. 2009-2011, CAS innovation subproject-Development of a high-resolution surface forcing dataset for China (KZCX2-YW-Q10-2)
8. 2009-2011, CAS innovation subproject-Energy and water exchanges at the glacier-atmosphere interface (KZCX2-YW-145)
9. 2009-2011, NSFC project-Development of land surface processes parameterizations for the Tibetan Plateau (40875009)
10. 2009-2010, 973 Program (2009CB421405)
11. 2008-2011, "Hundred-Talent" program of Chinese Academy of Sciences- Integrated study on land-atmosphere energy cycle based on satellite remote sensing and land data assimilation
12. 2008-2012:EU-FP7 "Coordinated Asia–European Long-Term Observing System of Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau Hydro-meteorological Processes and the Asian–Monsoon System with Ground Satellite Image Data and Numerical Simulations" (CEOP–AEGIS)
13. 2008-2010, The Project-sponsored by SRF for ROCS, SEM